Even today, Quinlan's case raises important questions in moral theology, bioethics, euthanasia, legal guardianship and civil rights. Health care professionals say her case has had an impact on medical and legal practice worldwide.
Because of the changes that have impacted death, with regardto both how and where we die, the debate about how we should beallowed to die has been renewed. This paper will examine the severalfacets of this debate. It will define the terms that are relevantto the debate, examine the legal state of euthanasia today, discussthe ethics of euthanasia by examining arguments made by proponentsand opponents of euthanasia, and by applying several NormativeEthical Theories to the issue. Finally, it will explore the powerimplications that infuse the debate on euthanasia and presentarguments in favor of moving toward a care based ethic of dyingand away from the current rights based ethic.
Several attempts have been made over the years to legalize euthanasia and assisted suicide but none have proven successful. The balance between ethical views and belief systems versus legal system is difficult to reconcile and may result in the implementation of the slippery slope doctrine. Autonomy and various human rights impose limits on euthanasia and assisted suicide thus impinging on other human rights and protecting the poor. Furthermore, with the advancement in palliative care and mental health treatment, patients are less likely to suffer unbearably and given the right care in a safe environment, a patient can have a dignified and less painful natural death.
Considering all these and the fact that Sarah is not in a persistent vegetative state as in the Bland case, Dr Grace was right to refuse to assist her die. Her husband on the other will be held liable for her death if he should assist her die.
After these cases, the House of Lords set up a Select Committee on Medical Ethics to investigate the related issues surrounding medical treatment decisions at the end of life. The report was published in February 1994. It recommended not to legalize euthanasia. It stated that competent patients had every right to refuse treatment whereas the incompetent also had the right to be protected from aggressive overtreatment to which the competent would object. It also recommended that adequate pain relief should be used even if this shortened life, and high quality palliative care should be made more widely available. The report also supported the use of living wills or advance directives, which set out the types of treatment that the patient would or would not accept in certain circumstances. This ended the debate on euthanasia issues surrounding the two cases.
The Right to Die with Dignity - Euthanasia - Ethical Rights
Applied ethics is used in some aspects of determining public policy, as well as by individuals facing difficult decisions. The sort of questions addressed by applied ethics include: "Is getting an abortion immoral?" "Is euthanasia immoral?" "Is affirmative action right or wrong?" "What are human rights, and how do we determine them?" "Do animals have rights as well?" and "Do individuals have the right of self-determination?"
Moral/Ethical Implications of Euthanasia essay on Essay …
.Started off that meaning of growth and security is different at different time and is much more complex now than in the past.
Multitude of security issues facing every nation right now ( energy , economy , food , environment , social equality etc )
Science succeeded in solving issues in past ( food revolution , industrial revolution)
However brought multiple problems which required application of human angles to solve ( World wars , inequality , exploitation)
Than pointed that along with science nation needs scientific thinking ( Narendra Dabholkar , National Science policy)
Pointed out that though problems can be solved by science and technology ( gave examples of specific food , industry and environment ) but due to cross border nature of climactic issues coordination is required.
talked about social , economic and political aspects of security issues solved by science ( better living standard , more income, empowerment to educated ) and also new issues arising ( inequality , resource destruction and IPR regime)
Wrote about need of ethics in science to solve issues ( science not for individual profit but for social good )
Concluded that panaceas do not exist , Science is a powerful tool but without a ethical , humane and collaborative environment it can not solve the growth and security problem .
Examples that I pointed during essay were primarily from India and some global.
For the legal matter, the third base of ethics of euthanasia, we can concentrate on the issue of the legalization. According to a Greek professor of medicine (Avramedes, p. 68), the fundamental law of the state is obliged to protect the human life, born or unborn, because this is the uppermost human value and right whose violator is punished with the major punishment. About this issue, R. Dworkin (p. 181) claims that the current legislation in most countries does not vary between the state of not being kept alive and being killed. Questions like what are the risks that people will ask to be killed after a misdiagnosis? or that they will die before new treatments are discovered or developed that would have saved their lives if they had waited? , make the laws of all western countries (except, in practice, The Netherlands) to prohibit doctors or others from directly killing people at their own request, by injecting an immediately lethal poison, for example.
Ethical issues surrounding euthanasia essays
Because the Metaphysics of Quality takes such a fundamentallydifferent view of the universe and because it claims to be ableto easily resolve ethical dilemmas, it would be useful to usethis new metaphysics to examine the seemingly intractable ethicalproblem of euthanasia. To determine which course of action ismorally correct, Pirsig says the process is simple. One simplyacts to preserve the highest form of evolutionary quality. Heuses the following example to illustrate this principle.