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The whole process of collective bargaining takes place mainly in two stages:

Due to the dominance of outsiders in trade unionism in the country, there is multiplicity of unions which are weak and unstable, and do not represent majority of the employees. Moreover, there are inter-union rivalries, which further hinder the process of collective bargaining between the labour and the management.

In India, the law provides an easy access to adjudication. Under the Industrial Disputes Act, the parties to the dispute may request the Government to refer the matter to adjudication and the Government will constitute the adjudication machinery, i.e., labour court or industrial tribunal. Thus, the faith in the collective bargaining process is discouraged.

The agreement can be made on a temporary basis. In such case, before the expiry of agreement both parties consult each other and can terminate or renew the agreement depending upon the circumstances. This may again lead to negotiations. As such, collective bargaining is not a temporary accommodation, but is a continuous process.

The following steps are involved in the collective bargaining process:

5. To ensure collective bargaining, unfair labour practices should be avoided and abandoned by both; otherwise, atmosphere and confidence will be vitiated by malpractice if either side takes advantage of the other by resorting to unfair practices.

Essay on Collective Bargaining - 1120 Words | Majortests

Introduction
Collective bargaining according to Salamon (1957) is a method of determining terms and conditions of employment, which utilizes the process of negotiation and agreement between representatives of management and employees. It provides a formal channel through which the differing interests of management and employees may be resolved on a collective basis.

Collective Bargaining - Free Coursework from Essay…

For centuries, guilds and unions have fought for worker rights and benefits while managers have fought back to protect the company from going out of business. These parties have worked to find common ground via the collective bargaining process, wherein both sides meet to establish an agreement on how the work will be conducted. This paper will look at collective bargaining, reviewing the process and how it has evolved over the last several centuries. The essay will also review some of the issues that commonly present themselves during such negotiations. The reader will glean a better understanding of this major component of business in the 21st century global economy.

For centuries, workers and business managers have often coexisted in an adversarial relationship. Guilds and unions have fought for worker rights and benefits while managers have fought back to protect the company from going out of business. These parties have worked to find common ground via the collective bargaining process, wherein both sides meet to establish an agreement on how the work will be conducted.

Collective bargaining is an economic procedure that is connected with the manager and

Pre-Requisites and Process of Collective Bargaining

According to Edwin B. Flippo, “Collective bargaining is a process in which the representatives of labour organisation and the representatives of business organisation meet and attempt to negotiate a contract or agreement which specifies the nature of the employer-employee union relationship.”


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According to Dale Yoder, “Collective bargaining is the term used to describe a situation in which the essential conditions of employment are determined by a bargaining process undertaken by representatives of a group of workers on the one hand and one or more employers on the other.”

Collective bargaining is an economic procedure that is connected with the manager and

In simple words, collective bargaining is a process, a technique or device to protect the interests of the employers and the employees to determine the employment conditions, to fix the wage and salary and achieve the objectives of the organisation. It is not a decree from outside parties. It represents voluntary conciliation and voluntary arbitration and is never a compulsory adjudication.

Collective Bargaining and Public Employees Essay 2697 Words | 11 Pages. concessions in wages and benefits, but to also diminish unions and collective bargaining …

Roots of Collective Bargaining lie in Great Britain where it developed in response to the conditions created by the Industrial Revolution. CB rose and grew with the trade union movement. Along with trade unions, the idea of bargaining collectively gained strength in the early part of the 18 th. Initially, the negotiations were carried out at plant level. By early 1900, industry and national level agreements became quite common. The idea spread across to France, Germany, and USA. And today, through the process of CB, organizations have learnt to cope with industrial conflict. 2.1 Evolution in India

This essay has been submitted by a law student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. Trade unions and collective bargaining

The main characteristics of collective bargaining agreement are: Cole (2002) states the following
1. Collective bargaining is a process in the sense that it consists of a number of steps. It begins with the presentation of the charter of demands and ends with reaching an agreement, which would serve as the basic law governing labor management relations over a period of time in an enterprise. Moreover, it is flexible process and not fixed or static. Mutual trust and understanding serve as the by products of harmonious relations between the two parties. 2. It a bipartite process. This means there are always two parties involved in the process of collective bargaining. The negotiations generally take place between the employees and the management. It is a form of participation. 3. Collective bargaining is a complementary process i.e. each party needs something that the other party has; labor can increase productivity and management can pay better for their efforts. 4. Collective bargaining tends to improve the relations between workers and the union on the one hand and the employer on the other. 5. Collective Bargaining is continuous process. It enables industrial democracy to be effective. It uses cooperation and consensus for settling disputes rather than conflict and confrontation. 6. Collective bargaining takes into account day to day changes, policies, potentialities, capacities and interests. 7. It is a political activity frequently undertaken by professional negotiators